台灣大百科橫幅

張大千的畫法

張大千 (Zhang Daqian / Chang Dai-chien) 先生的畫法可歸類成下面數大類︰
 
(1)工筆荷花及草木類。
(2)寫意荷花及草木類。
(3)鈎金紅荷。
(4)工筆人物及動物禽鳥圖。
(5)高仕圖。
(6)仕女圖。
(7)敦煌石壁及宗教畫作。
(8)古人詩意圖。
(9)仿、擬古代各大名家之山水圖名作。
(10)中國名山名水勝景圖。
(11)工筆山水圖。
(12)開創於早期的「畫龍點睛(點景)式」「潑墨」及「潑彩」畫法。
(13)開創於中期的「粗潑細筆(寫意)式」「潑墨」及「潑彩」畫法。
(14)開創於中晚期的「粗潑抽象式」「潑墨」及「潑彩」畫法。
(15)開創於晚期的「細潑細筆式」「潑彩」畫法。
 
而張大千先生開創於晚期的 "細潑細筆式潑彩" 畫法, 其於畫紙上的絕大部分作畫內容,都是以 "潑彩" 畫法細潑細筆以成之。 這種畫法非常地困難,因為畫家必須如同手握 "細筆" 一般地控制住 "潑彩渲染度", 不論是在畫中色彩的調合度與其筆意,皆必須完全 "意到即筆到(潑到)" 般地恰到好處, 絲毫不容許有任何的潑彩渲染差錯, 連作畫用紙的渲染度亦必須是由畫家拿捏地非常精準, 完全無法 "既然粗略隨意潑之, 即大概屈就以成之。"。 因為此種畫法非常耗時又耗工,沒有畫家本人自己數十年的 "潑墨" 及 "潑彩" 畫功及足夠經驗, 他人根本就是無法臨摹仿擬並加以潑畫之,否則只是糟蹋浪費自己的畫紙與昂貴的礦石顏料而已。 因此成品並不多, 傳世及見世作品亦不多, 張大千先生都是以這種畫作成品當作交際贈送予國民黨黨國元老們欣賞, 而被鎖入深宮。

參考張大千畫作︰

(1)One Flower in One World White Lotus and attached calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated Mar.1978. 張大千1978年3月作 "一花一世界白荷花圖及書法立軸" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(2)After the Rising and Warm Green Mountains by Huang Gongwang with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1947. 張大千1947年作 "擬元代黃公望浮巒暖翠山水圖及書法立軸" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(3)Han Changli Composed a Lyric Poem Derived from Chu Dynasty, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "韓昌黎作楚語圖" 立軸。
(4)A Bird’s-eye View on Taiwan Cross-Island Road near Herhuan, splendid golden-outlined landscape splashed painting, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978. 張大千1978年作 "台灣橫貫公路合歡山鳥瞰金碧潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(5)18 Luohan Disciples Appointed to Witness to Buddhist Truth, by Zhang Daqian dated 1936. 張大千1936年作 "十八羅漢圖" 手卷。
(6)Recalling the Beautiful Scenery of Mountain Huang in China, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "遙思黃山故景潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(7)Scholars Appreciating Maples, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "高仕賞楓圖" 設色紙本立軸。
(8)Lady with a Fan, Bamboos, Parrot Hairpin, in Tang’s Clothes, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "仿莫高窟初唐人衣飾鸚鵡簪髮飾新篁紈扇仕女圖" 設色紙本立軸。
(9)The Dreamland of Mountain Qingcheng in Heavenly Place, by Zhang Daqian dated 1981. 張大千1981年作 "夢入靑城天下幽人間仙境圖" 直幅設色紙本鏡片。
(10)The Heavenly Place in Mankind World, by Zhang Daqian dated 1982. 張大千1982年作 "人家在仙堂潑彩山水圖" 直幅設色紙本鏡片。
(11)Splashed Landscape Fuchun Mountain, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978. 張大千1978年作 "富春山居潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(12)Sun is Rising and Darkness is Fallen allover the Mountain with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "天開影墮潑彩山水圖及書法對聯" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(13)Happy Birthday to Chairman Chang Kaishek of the Government, by Zhang Daqian dated 1944, preface inscribed by Yu Youren. 張大千作于右任題引首 "大觀高仕祝壽圖" 手卷。
(14)Spring Cloud and Morning Mist, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色絹本鏡片。
(15)Painting the Elder Bintourlu after Technique of Song Dynasty, by Zhang Daqian dated 1946. 張大千1946年作 "倣宋人畫賓頭盧尊者像" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(16)Beauty in Red Hair-kerchief, Wooden Shoes, White Robe, Bamboos, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "脩竹紅髮巾木屐白袍裸肩日本美女圖" 紙本立軸。
(17)Black Cloud Covering on Top of Mt. Emei among Blue Cloud, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "可以橫絕峨眉巔黑雲滿布山頂藍雲環繞山間奇景潑墨兼潑彩山水圖" 設色紙本立軸。
(18)Listening to the Springs below the Mountains, splendid golden-outlined splashed color landscape handscroll, preface self-inscribed, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "山水生風聽泉入山麓金碧潑彩山水圖" 手卷。
(19)Waterfall in a Quiet Mountain Valley with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "幽谷飛瀑潑彩山水圖及書法對聯" 直幅設色紙本鏡片。
(20)Golden Outlined Red Lotus and a Flying Bird, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978. 張大千1978年作 "香清鈎金紅荷翔鳥圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(21)Dwelling in the Mountain by the Lake Wuting, by Zhang Daqian dated 1967. 張大千1967年作 "五亭湖上山居潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色絹本鏡框。
(22)Impressionistic Red Lotus, by Zhang Daqian. 張大千作 "寫意紅荷圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡框。
(23)Splashed Colour Landscape of Beautiful Mountain Qingcheng, by Zhang Daqian dated 1973. 張大千1973年作 "青城天下幽潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(24)Mountain Emei May Be Crossed On Top, by Zhang Daqian dated 1971. 張大千1971年作 "可以橫絕峨嵋巔潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(25)Spring Cloud and Morning Mist, by Zhang Daqian dated 1965. 張大千1965年作 "春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖" 潑彩設色絹本鏡片。
撰稿者:徐智雄
最後修訂日期:101年07月09日
參考資料:
1 參考張大千畫作︰
2
3 (1)One Flower in One World White Lotus and attached calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated Mar.1978. 張大千1978年3月作 "一花一世界白荷花圖及書法立軸" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
4 (2)After the Rising and Warm Green Mountains by Huang Gongwang with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1947. 張大千1947年作 "擬元代黃公望浮巒暖翠山水圖及書法立軸" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
5 (3)Han Changli Composed a Lyric Poem Derived from Chu Dynasty, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "韓昌黎作楚語圖" 立軸。
6 (4)A Bird’s-eye View on Taiwan Cross-Island Road near Herhuan, splendid golden-outlined landscape splashed painting, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978. 張大千1978年作 "台灣橫貫公路合歡山鳥瞰金碧潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
7 (5)18 Luohan Disciples Appointed to Witness to Buddhist Truth, by Zhang Daqian dated 1936. 張大千1936年作 "十八羅漢圖" 手卷。
8 (6)Recalling the Beautiful Scenery of Mountain Huang in China, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "遙思黃山故景潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
9 (7)Scholars Appreciating Maples, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "高仕賞楓圖" 設色紙本立軸。
10 (8)Lady with a Fan, Bamboos, Parrot Hairpin, in Tang’s Clothes, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "仿莫高窟初唐人衣飾鸚鵡簪髮飾新篁紈扇仕女圖" 設色紙本立軸。
11 (9)The Dreamland of Mountain Qingcheng in Heavenly Place, by Zhang Daqian dated 1981. 張大千1981年作 "夢入靑城天下幽人間仙境圖" 直幅設色紙本鏡片。
12 (10)The Heavenly Place in Mankind World, by Zhang Daqian dated 1982. 張大千1982年作 "人家在仙堂潑彩山水圖" 直幅設色紙本鏡片。
13 (11)Splashed Landscape Fuchun Mountain, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978. 張大千1978年作 "富春山居潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
14 (12)Sun is Rising and Darkness is Fallen allover the Mountain with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "天開影墮潑彩山水圖及書法對聯" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
15 (13)Happy Birthday to Chairman Chang Kaishek of the Government, by Zhang Daqian dated 1944, preface inscribed by Yu Youren. 張大千作于右任題引首 "大觀高仕祝壽圖" 手卷。
16 (14)Spring Cloud and Morning Mist, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色絹本鏡片。
17 (15)Painting the Elder Bintourlu after Technique of Song Dynasty, by Zhang Daqian dated 1946. 張大千1946年作 "倣宋人畫賓頭盧尊者像" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
18 (16)Beauty in Red Hair-kerchief, Wooden Shoes, White Robe, Bamboos, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "脩竹紅髮巾木屐白袍裸肩日本美女圖" 紙本立軸。
19 (17)Black Cloud Covering on Top of Mt. Emei among Blue Cloud, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "可以橫絕峨眉巔黑雲滿布山頂藍雲環繞山間奇景潑墨兼潑彩山水圖" 設色紙本立軸。
20 (18)Listening to the Springs below the Mountains, splendid golden-outlined splashed color landscape handscroll, preface self-inscribed, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "山水生風聽泉入山麓金碧潑彩山水圖" 手卷。
21 (19)Waterfall in a Quiet Mountain Valley with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "幽谷飛瀑潑彩山水圖及書法對聯" 直幅設色紙本鏡片。
22 (20)Golden Outlined Red Lotus and a Flying Bird, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978. 張大千1978年作 "香清鈎金紅荷翔鳥圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
23 (21)Dwelling in the Mountain by the Lake Wuting, by Zhang Daqian dated 1967. 張大千1967年作 "五亭湖上山居潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色絹本鏡框。
24 (22)Impressionistic Red Lotus, by Zhang Daqian. 張大千作 "寫意紅荷圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡框。
25 (23)Splashed Colour Landscape of Beautiful Mountain Qingcheng, by Zhang Daqian dated 1973. 張大千1973年作 "青城天下幽潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
26 (24)Mountain Emei May Be Crossed On Top, by Zhang Daqian dated 1971. 張大千1971年作 "可以橫絕峨嵋巔潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
27 (25)Spring Cloud and Morning Mist, by Zhang Daqian dated 1965. 張大千1965年作 "春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖" 潑彩設色絹本鏡片。